Literacy: American History

In the literacy class, we were not learning about grammar or rules but instead, we started off the year with the American history. Since most of our students want to continue university in the United States, our literacy facilitator wanted us to have a little bit knowledge on the American history before going there. We used Commonlit, an online website, to enhance our knowledge while also use it as our classroom. Every week we get a new article; we need to read and answer some multiple choice question while also writing a 1-2 paragraph response to the article. We also did something call vocabulary exploration where we need to list down the word we don’t know and try to find the part of speech then use the words in our own sentence. So far we had read many articles such as, give me liberty or give me death speech, Thomas Jefferson and the American Indians, causes of American civil war, America’s immigration, How American industry won war II, etc.

Khmer Model United Nation

          On Wednesday, May 23rd, the hold senior students attended the Khmer Model United Nation. It was the first ever Khmer MUN and we are the one who organized the hold event for our self. On the MUN day, all senior student were all dressed up professional. There are two topics that we going to discuss: feeding the world growing billions and air quality control and pollution. I was picked to be the delegate of United States of America and as a representative of this country, I knew that I’m going to talk a lot. We got two weeks to research about our country related to the topics so that we can be prepared to do the discussion.

           It is my first time to do the Model United Nation so this going to challenge me a lot. At first, I need to give an opening speech and this is quite scary. After the opening speech, we got to discuss on the first topic, feeding the world growing billions. During this time I’m not really sure about what’s going on because had never joint this event. I didn’t talk much but enough to participate. After we discussed the first topic, I gained more self-confident and understand what was going on and this pushes me to do to do harder in the next discussion. I started raising my country flag to question other delegate and summit argument to give a speech against the resolutions.


Women in STEM | Esther Lederberg

In physics class, we had a project to write an article about any female scientist. My article is about Esther Lederberg.

Esther Lederberg born on December 18, 1922, The Bronx, New York City, United States. She was an American microbiologist and a pioneer of bacterial genetics. Notable contributions include the discovery of the bacteriophage, the transfer of genes between bacteria by specialized transduction, the development of replica plating, and the discovery of the bacterial fertility factor F (F plasmid).

 A child of the Great Depression, her lunch was often a piece of bread topped by the juice of a squeezed tomato. She attended Evander Childs High School in Bronx and graduating at the age of 16. In College, Esther Lederberg initially want to study French or literature, but she switched her field of study to biochemistry against the recommendation of her teachers, who felt women struggled to get a career in the sciences.

She received a bachelor’s degree in genetics in 1942 at the age of 20 in New York City’s Hunter College. After graduating from Hunter, Esther Lederberg went to work as a research assistant to Alexander Hollaender at the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Later she had published her first work in genetics. She entered a master’s program in genetics and later finished her master’s degree in 1946 at Stanford University. Esther Lederberg next went to the University of Wisconsin to pursue a doctorate degree. She completes her doctorate under the supervision of R. A. Brink, in 1950.

As Esther Lederberg got her PhD, she had made a lot of achievement to contribute to microbiology and genetics. She was the discovery of bacteriophage, a virus that infects E. Coli bacteria. Eventually devised the first successful implementation of replica plating with Joshua Lederberg, and helped discover and understand the genetic mechanisms of specialized transduction. This contributions laid the foundation for much of the genetics work done in the latter half of the twentieth century. In 1959, Esther Lederberg returned to Stanford. She remained at Stanford for the balance of her research career, founding and directing the Plasmid Reference Center (PRC) at the Stanford School of medicine from 1976 to 1986.  

Even though, Esther Lederberg was a scientist, she had still faced with many significant challenges as she was a woman scientist in the 1950s and 1960s. In 1966 Lederberg was excluded from writing a chapter in the book of “Phage and the Origins of Molecular Biology”. According to the science historian Prina Abir-Am, her exclusion was “Incomprehensible” because of her important discoveries in bacteriophage genetics. Abir-Am attributed her exclusion in part to the sexism that prevailed during the 1960s. She has not been credited with as much of the credit as she really deserved.

Why teach boys not to cry?

In literacy class, we had a project to write an article about any topic relating to gender equity. My article is about why is it a wrong thing to teach boys not to cry.

Image result for teach boy not to cry

Emotion is an astonishing ability that nature has given to us, that made us superior to other animals and organisms. They allow us to understand other and other to understand us. So, why should we teach boys not to cry? We allow ourselves and our people to lose this wonderful connection, to enclose ourselves in our own little worlds where we forget, or chose not to feel those emotions, not appreciating all those gifts that make us human.


Boys and girls cry the same amount when they’re babies and toddlers, research shows. “It’s around age 5 that boys get the message that anger is acceptable, but that they’re not supposed to show other feelings, like vulnerability.” said Tony Porter, co-founder of A Call to Men.

In Cambodia, as well as many parts of the world, elders often teach boys not to cry. They believe that crying is a representation of weakness. They also believe that boys need to be strong and tough; therefore, the perfect way to do it is by not letting boys cry.


One common phrase that Cambodia elders always told to the boys is “ធ្វេីជាកូនប្រុសសូ៑បង្ហូរ ឈាមមិនបង្ហូរទឹកភ្នេក” which translated as, “Be a son rather bleed than  tearing”.


We allow our daughters to be human beings where we allow them to show their emotions, but do we really want to teach our sons to be robots and bury their  emotions? Absolutely not.


Cara Shelton, a literacy teacher at the Liger Leadership Academy, believes that it is unfair and could end up very dangerous for not letting boys to express their emotions. She stated “I think it’s unfair because all people feel things and all people have emotions. But it bothers me that only women seem as emotional. It’s a privilege sometimes that women can express their emotions without being criticized, however, I think emotion has been seen as weak. So when you express your emotion you are often are seen as weak and you aren’t taking seriously.” She continued, “ When boys are taught not to cry and be tough it can allow violence and bullying to happen. It seen as more appropriate for the boy to make fun of each other, to bully each other, and to hit each other.”


When they are not expressing their emotions, it seen that the problem is getting bigger and bigger and soon they can’t hold on to it. This can cause them to get depression, and can lead  men to suicide. Research showed, globally death by suicide occurred about 1.8 times more often among males than among females in 2008, and 1.7 times in 2015. In the western world, males die three to four times more often by means of suicide than do females.


Historically, we taught the boys to not cry and show emotion to avoid appearing weak. After all, this phrase repeated in every generation and everywhere in the world. Depression can be a serious problem if emotion can’t be expressed. We can’t just bury our emotions and instead we should appreciate all those gifts that make us humans. Men need to start getting over that  stereotype or that expectation that they always need to be tough because in the long run it could really hurt them.

Pchum Ben

During Khmer Essential, we had done a small research on Cambodian traditional holiday called Pchum Ben. Pchum Ben is a 15 day holiday in November. People celebrate this holiday to pray and wish to our ancestor that had past away to have good luck and we also pray some food for them. This research, we had written in Khmer and  had done on google slide, we also printed them out as a document


Link To PDF

Physics Round 1

Physic is a really cool subject to learn because it’s the study of every day live on how thing work. It has allowed me to understand how the world around me work. It’s really cool when you only need to do math equation and you end up find out the answer of how thing work or how fast it will move, for example, you drop the object from the building and find the time it will take to fall. In the first round of physic, we focused on motions, both in one and two dimension/s. We had to work closely with trigonometry (SOH CAH TOA) and deal with gravity and the four kinematic equations.


PSAT Practice Test

On October 14th, 2017, I and the other 49 Liger senior students attended the first Liger PSAT test. I was quite worry about the test because I know it’s going to be hard but however, it just for practice. I get to see how the test was like so it’s going to benefit me because I can get prepare and make my own strategy to complete the test with quality. After I complete the PSAT test I also get feedback from the test of what I should practice more to maximize my score. For the real SAT test In the next one and a half years, I think I can get ready to do well one my test.

Dissect Owl Pellets

In my biology essential class I had learned a lot from my teacher. By the way, my teacher decides to do one cool thing that we never do it before and it was dissect the owl pellets. We had learned that owl swallow their prey and it only dissolves the meat and left bone and hair or feather so when it combine together and big enough the owl will eject it out and we call it owl pellets. In owl pellets there are bone and hair from their prey so what we dissect the pellets and see what we find it there. I really enjoy dissecting the owl pellets.

So here is the link for the video of baby owl ejects pellet.

  • We combine the bone together and make the shape of the animal.

The Pygmalion Poem

As you know that in literacy we’ve been learning a lot about advanced writing. Our teacher taught us how to write an essay, write a response using evidence and using quote sandwich. She had picked a play for us to read, and it called Pygmalion, My Fair Lady. So after we finish the play our teacher told us to do anything that talking about the play. Some people were making games, some were making animation and some were making a poster. So I decide to do something that difference then them and it was poetry. So I decide to write a poetry that talking about how the main character (Eliza) characteristics change. One of my challenge to write this poem is the rhyme words because I want to write my poem in Khmer style and Khmer poem style is require lots and lots of rhyme words, so I need to find a lot of rhyme word that match with the sentence. So here I my beautiful Khmer style poem.

Living on earth we need rights
You have to fight for your choice
Find freedom should not avoid
Express your voice to the world.

Eliza was a poor girl
Who’s just like pearl not yet shine
Who needs others to be kind
So she feels fine moving on.

She needs support and comfort
Like baby bird that’s missing
It’s own Mama that could bring
Them love and things for their lives.

Now Eliza is different
She’s determined for her life
Eliza solves her own strife
Living free life with merriment.

She’s brave to talk to others
And she never talks poorly
Cause she’d been taught as a lady
To live freely and independent.

Literacry – Pgymalion

For the past few weeks, in literacy, we’ve been learning a lot about advanced writing. Our teacher taught us how to write an essay, write a response using evidence and using quote sandwich. She had picked a play for us to read, and it called Pygmalion, My Fair Lady. She would tell to read a section and then she would ask questions by using the text-dependent questions, we would write a summarize/main idea using quote sandwich. Right now, we’ve already finish the play and we’ve write an argument essay about the characters.
This class include a lot of hard work then last year. Mainly, we focus on improving our writing skills. For this past few weeks, what I see for my improvement is that when I write a response, I always cite the evidence and explain my evidence really well. What I need to work on is my grammar and to that I need to practice writing more and more.

Some Example